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"80 Proposals to STOP Wrongful Convictions - by the end of this decade.


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                "80 Proposals to STOP Wrongful Convictions- by the end of this decade."


   This book is about the need to drastically reduce to .1% or less the frequency of wrongful conviction and to exonerate the thousands of wrongly convicted inmates now in prison. 

     The United States has a large wrongful conviction problem, and it’s a travesty.  This book presents 80 Proposals to STOP the problem.
    The forensic DNA revolution, which produced its first wrongful conviction exoneration in 1989, has led to some changes in the U.S. criminal justice system but not nearly enough.
    In the history of criminal justice systems, the people wrongly convicted over the centuries always knew what had happened to them, but few others knew or cared.  Now we all know.
    Despite such books as Edwin Borchard’s 1932 classic, Convicting the Innocent - Sixty-five Actual Errors of Criminal Justice, wrongful convictions were thought in the early 20th century to be improbable or extremely rare.
    In 1963, Eugene Block published The Vindicators, which, if written today, might have been named The Exonerators, to align with the current word usage.  A year after Eugene Block’s book, Edward Radin published The Innocents, which he began with a discussion of “The Myth,” that “innocent people are not convicted for crimes they have not committed.”
    By December 31, 2014, twenty-five years after Gary Dotson was exonerated by the vacating of his rape conviction, the count of exonerations in theNational Registry of Exonerations had risen to 1,520, including 67 in 1989. 
    The sad and intolerable truth is that even with the highly publicized exonerations of an ever- increasing number of people, but still fewer than 100 per year, there are many more innocent people being convicted each year than are being exonerated.   As will be seen in Chapter 1, that 100 is less than one percent of the people likely to suffer wrongful convictions every year.  Thus, the vast majority (99+ percent) of wrongfully convicted people either serve their sentences or die in prison.
    This book presents a call-to-action to achieve two goals within five years:
1. reduce wrongful convictions in the U.S. to .1 percent.
2. reduce the percentage of wrongly convicted inmates in prison to .1 percent, by liberating thousands of wrongly convicted inmates.
    The last clause of title of this book, “before the end of this decade,” comes from President John Kennedy’s setting the goal for the U.S. to land a person on the Moon by the end of the 1960s. 
    This book is being published in January 2015, which is only five years from the end of this decade of the 2010s, but the country now knows a lot more about the problems of wrongful convictions than the U.S. knew in 1962 about landing a person onto the Moon. 
    For practical purposes, the book title’s goal to “STOP” wrongful convictions is the same as “REDUCE TO .1%,” which is one in one thousand. 

The book provides 80 practical proposals for national reform of the criminal justice system in order to reduce the frequency of wrongful conviction to .1 percent or less.  The 80 Proposals are contained in summary form in Chapter 2.


The book has four book lists as Appendices, "For Further Reading," which are presented here, with links to websites for each book, and each exoneree where applicable.


Combined: Books about U.S. Wrongful Convictions . (This list is perhaps the most extensive such booklist on the Internet.  It combines the four lists below.  The contents of this combined list are also pasted below on this page.)


Please send comments, corrections, criticisms, and suggestions for new listings to Morrison Bonpasse via EMAIL.





Appendix A 


Significant General Books about Wrongful Convictions in Chronological Order of Publishing.


1932. Convicting the Innocent - Sixty-five Actual Errors of Criminal Justice, by Edwin Borchard.  Garden City Publishing.  See also, 2013. Edwin M. Borchard - Convicting The Innocent, and State Indemnity For Errors Of Criminal Justice, by Edwin Montefiore Borchard, Hans Sherrer (Compiler). The Justice Institute, 2013.


1952. The Court of Last Resort, by Erle Stanley Gardner.  William Sloan Associates. AND The Court of Last Resort, the 1954 paperback edition. Cardinal.  


1957. Not Guilty, by Jerome Frank and Barbara Frank, in association with Harold Hoffman. 

Doubleday (hardcover), Popular Library (paperback.)  British edition was Not Guilty – 36 comparatively recent cases in which the wrong man was convicted, by Jerome Frank and Barbara Frank. Victor Gollancz Publisher.   See also subsequent edition, Not Guilty, by Jerome Frank and Barbara Frank. Panther Books, 1961.


1964. The Innocents, by Edward D Radin. Morrow.


1973 Wrongful Imprisonment: Mistaken Convictions and Their Consequences, by Ruth Brandon and Christie Davies. George Allen and Unwin, Ltd. (London.)


1987. Miscarriages of justice in potentially capital cases, by Hugo Adam Bedau and Michael L. Radelet. Stanford University.


1989 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


1991. Presumed Guilty, Martin D. Yant. Prometheus Books.


1992. In Spite of Innocence – Erroneous Convictions in Capital Cases: The Ordeal of 400 Americans Wrongly Convicted of Crimes Punishable by Death, by Michael L. Radelet, Hugo Adam Bedau and Constance E. Putnam.  Northeastern University Press.


1996. Convicted But Innocent: Wrongful Conviction and Public Policy, by C. Ronald Huff, Ayre Rattner, and Edward Sagarin. Sage Publications.


1996. Convicted by juries, exonerated by science: case studies in the use of DNA evidence to establish innocence after trial, by Edward Connors, Thomas Lundregan, Neal Miller and Tom McEwan. National Institute of Justice.


1996. Eyewitness Testimony: With a new preface by the author, by Elizabeth F. Loftus. Harvard University Press. See also, Witness for the Defense: The Accused, the Eyewitness and the Expert Who Puts Memory on Trial, by Elizabeth Loftus (Author), Katherine Ketcham. St. Martin’s Griffin, 1992.


2000. Actual Innocence – Five Days to Execution, and other Dispatches from the Wrongly Convicted, by Barry Scheck, Peter Neufeld and Jim Dwyer.  Doubleday. See also, the 2003 edition:  Actual Innocence: When Justice Goes Wrong and How to Make it Right. New American Library.


2001. Wrongly Convicted: Perspectives on Failed Justice, by Saundra Westervelt and John Humphrys.  Rutgers University Press.


2003. Errors of Justice: Nature, Sources and Remedies, by Brian Forst. Cambridge University Press.


2003. The Wrong Men: America's Epidemic of Wrongful Death Row Convictions, by Stanley Cohen.

Carroll & Graf.


2004. Innocent: Inside Wrongful Conviction Cases, by Scott Christianson. New York University Press.


2004. No Crueler Tyrannies: Accusation, False Witness, and Other Terrors of Our Times, by Dorothy Rabinowitz. Free Press.


2004. The Day Care Ritual Abuse Moral Panic, by Mary De Young. Mcfarland & Co. 


2004.  The Death of Innocents: An Eyewitness Account of Wrongful Executions, by Helen Prejean. Random House.


2004. True Witness: Cops, Courts, Science, and the Battle against Misidentification, by James M. Doyle. Palgrave, MacMillan Trade.


2005. In The Company of Giants: The Ultimate Investigation Guide for Legal Professionals, Activists, Journalists & the Wrongfully Convicted, by Paul Ciolino. iUniverse.



2005. Surviving Justice: America's Wrongfully Convicted and Exonerated, by Dave Eggers, Lola Vollen and Scott Turow.  McSweeney’s Publishing.


2005. Wilkie Collins's The Dead Alive: The Novel, the Case, and Wrongful Convictions, by Rob Warden. Northwestern University Press.


2006. Achieving Justice: Freeing the Innocent, Convicting the Guilty. Report of the ABA Criminal Justice Section’s Ad Hoc Committee to Ensure the Integrity of the Criminal Process, by Paul Giannelli and M. Raeder (editors.) American Bar Association.


2006. Wrongful Capital Convictions and the Legitimacy of the Death Penalty, by Karen S. Miller. Lfb Scholarly Publishing.


2007. Rethinking Miscarriages of Justice: Beyond the Tip of the Iceberg, by Michael Naughton. Palgrave MacMillan.


2007. Snitch: Informants, Cooperators, and the Corruption of Justice, by Ethan Brown.  Public Affairs.  


2008. Execution's Doorstep: True Stories of the Innocent and Near Damned, by Leslie Lytle.  Northeastern Univesity Press.


2008. False Positives Equal False Justice, by John Kelly and J. Michael Bell.  Amazon Digital.


2008. Criminal Investigative Failures, by D. Kim Rossmo.  CRC Press.

2008. I Am Innocent!: A Comprehensive Encyclopedic History of the World's Wrongly Convicted Persons, by Jay Robert Nash. Da Capo Press.


2008. The Innocence Commission – Preventing Wrongful Convictions and Restoring the Criminal Justice System, by Jon B. Gould.  New York University Press.


2008. The Innocents, by Peter Neufeld and Barry Scheck, Althea Wasow (Editor) and Taryn Simon (Photographer). Umbrage Editions, 2008.


2008. The Decline of the Death Penalty and the Discovery of Innocence, by Frank R. Baumgartner, Suzanna L. De Boef, and Amber E. Boydstun.

Cambridge University Press.


2008. The Supreme Court on Trial: How the American Justice System Sacrifices Innocent Defendants, by George C. Thomas III. University of Michigan Press.


2009. Police Interrogation and American Justice, by Richard A. Leo. Harvard University Press.


2009.  Snitching: Criminal Informants and the Erosion of American Justice, by Alexandra Natapoff. NYU Press.


2009. True Stories of False Confessions, by Rob Warden and Steven A. Drizin. Northwestern University Press.


2009. When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice, by Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. (Editor), Austin Sarat (Editor), NYU Press.


2010. Henry Wade's Tough Justice: How Dallas County Prosecutors Led the Nation in Convicting the Innocent, by Edward Gray (Author), Dog Ear Publishing, LLC


2010. Tested: How Twelve Wrongly Imprisoned Men Held Onto Hope, by Dorothy and Peyton Budd. Brown Books.


2010. Wrongful Conviction: International Perspectives on Miscarriages of Justice, by C. Ronald Huff and Martin Killias.  Temple University Press.


2011. American Justice in the Age of Innocence: Understanding the Causes of Wrongful Convictions and How to Prevent Them, by Sandra Guerra Thompson, Hillary K. Valderrama and Jennifer L. Hopgood.  iUniverse Publishing.


2011. Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong, by Brandon L. Garrett.  Harvard University Press.


2011, 2014 False Justice: Eight Myths that Convict the Innocent, by Jim Petro and Nancy Petro.  Simon & Schuster.


2011 Media depictions of wrongful conviction: Reality or distortion? by Angela Lynn Overton. ProQuest, UMI Dissertation Publishing. 


2011. The Collapse of American Criminal Justice, by William J. Stuntz. Belknap Press.


2011. Three Felonies A Day: How the Feds Target the Innocent, by Harvey Silverglate. Encounter Books.


2011. Wrongful Conviction: Law, Science and Policy, (casebook) by James R. Acker and Allison D. Redlich. Carolina Academic Press.


2011 Wrongful Convictions: Cases and Materials (textbook, 1st Edition) AND 2nd Edition, 2014), by Justin Brooks.  Vandeplas Publishing.


2012. Life after Death Row: Exonerees' Search for Community and Identity, by Saundra D. Westervelt, Kimberly J. Cook.  Rutgers University Press.


2012. Not Guilty: Are the Acquitted Innocent? by Daniel Givelber (Author), Amy Farrell  NYU Press.


2012. Conviction of the Innocent: Lessons From Psychology Research, by Brian L. Cutler

American Psychological Association.


2012. Failed Evidence: Why Law Enforcement Resists Science, by David A. Harris.  NYU Press. 


2012. In Doubt: The Psychology of the Criminal Justice Process, by Dan Simon. Harvard University Press.


2012. International Perspectives on Wrongful Convictions: Workshop Report, September 2010, by Miranda Jolicoeur.  BiblioGov.


2012. Post-Conviction DNA Testing and Wrongful Conviction, by John Roman and Kelly Walsh. BiblioGov.


2012. Prosecution Complex: America’s Race to Convict and its Impact on the Innocent, by Daniel Medwed. New York University Press.


2012. Race and Justice: Wrongful Convictions of African American Men, by Marvin D., Jr. Free and Mitch Ruesink. Lynne Rienner Publishers. 


2013. Grave Injustice: Unearthing Wrongful Executions, by Richard A. Stack.  Potomac Books.


2013. The Innocent and the Criminal Justice System: A Sociological Analysis of Miscarriages of Justice, by Michael Naughton. (U.K.) Palgrave MacMillan. 


2013. Unbearable Burden: Wrongful Convictions and the Crisis in American Justice, by David Patrick Keys.  CreateSpace Publishing.


2013. Understanding Wrongful Convictions, by John T. Rago.  Rowman & Littlefield.

2013. Working in Innocence Programs: Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Innocence Work But Were Afraid To Ask, by Sarah A. Mourer. Vandeplas Publishing.


2013. Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform: Making Justice, by Marvin Zalman  and Julia Carrano, Taylor and Francis.


2013. Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice: Causes and Remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems, by C. Ronald Huff and Martin Killias.  Routledge.


2013. Wrongly Convicted: Miscarriages of Justice, by Jennifer Davies. RW Press.


2014. Controversies in Innocence Cases in America, by Sarah Lucy Cooper.  Ashgate Publishing. 


2014. Examining Wrongful Convictions: Stepping Back, Moving Forward, by Allison D. Redlich, James R. Acker, Robert J. Norris, and Catherine L. Bonventre.  Carolina Academic Press.


2014.  Flawed Convictions: "Shaken Baby Syndrome" and the Inertia of Injustice, by Deborah Tuerkheimer.  Oxford University Press.


2014 Miscarriages of Justice: Actual Innocence, Forensic Evidence, and the Law, by Brent E. Turvey and Craig M Cooley.  Academic Press. 


Appendix B 


Books about Specific U.S. Exonerations from Wrongful Convictions in order of State and Chronological Order of Conviction


Alabama, 1931.  Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South, by Dan T. Carter.  Louisiana State University Press, 2007.  (Olen Montgomery, Clarence Norris, Haywood Patterson, Ozie Powell, Willie Robertson, Charlie Weems, Eugene Williams, Andy Wright, Roy Wright:  all posthumously pardoned in 2013.)


Alabama, 1973. Freeing The Innocent: How We Did It - A Handbook For The Wrongly Convicted, by Michael Pardue and Becky Pardue. CreateSpace, 2005. (Michael Pardue, 1977.)


Arizona, 1977. Manifest Injustice: The True Story of a Convicted Murderer and the Lawyers Who Fought for His Freedom, by Barry Siegel. Henry Holt & Co., 2013 (Bill Macumber, “no contest” 2012)


Alabama, 1988Circumstantial Evidence: Death, Life, and Justice in a Southern Town, by Pete Earley. Bantam, 1995.   (Walter “Johnnie D.” McMillan, murder, 1993.)


Arizona, 1992. Jingle Jangle The Perfect Crime Turned Inside Out, by  Jim Rix.  Broken Bench Press, 2007. (Ray Krone, 2002.)


Arkansas, 1919.  A Mob Intent on Death: The NAACP and the Arkansas Riot Cases, by Richard C. Cortner.  Wesleyan University Press, 1988.


Arkansas, 1994. Devils Knot: The True Story Of The West Memphis Three, by Mara Leveritt. Atria Books, 2003.           Life After Death, by Damien Echols. Blue Rider Press, 2012.  (Jason Baldwin, Damien Echols, Jessie Miskelley, 2011.)


California, 1916, 1917.  THE MOONEY CASE- The San Francisco Preparedness Day Bombing of 1916 and its aftermath, by Richard H. Frost. Stanford University Press, 1968. AND Frame-up; the incredible case of Tom Mooney and Warren Billings, by Curt Gentry, W.W. Norton & Co, 1967.  (Thomas Mooney and Warren Billings, bombing/murder, 1939 pardon.)


California, 1972. Last Man Standing: The Tragedy and Triumph of Geronimo Pratt, by Jack Olsen.  Anchor, 2001. AND A summary and analysis of the 1972 conviction of Elmer Pratt for the robbery and shooting of Mr. Olsen and the murder of Mrs. Olsen on a Santa Monica tennis court, by Jim McCloskey. Centurion Ministries

(Elmer G. Pratt/Geronimo ji-Jaga, 1999, died 2011.)


California, 1986. Full Circle: A True Story of Murder, Lies, and Vindication, by Gloria Killian and Sandra Kobrin.  New Horizon Press, 2012. (Gloria Killian, 2002.)


California, 2004. Shattered Justice: A Savage Murder and the Death of Three Families' Innocence, by John Philpin.  HarperCollins eBooks, 2011.

(Richard Raymond Tuite, 2013.)


Colorado, 1999. Drawn to Injustice: The Wrongful Conviction of Timothy Masters, by Timothy Masters and Steve Lehto.  Berkeley, 2012.  (Timothy Masters, 2008.)


Connecticut, 1974.  Guilty Until Proven Innocent, by Donald S. Connery. Putnam Adult, 1977.

A Death in Canaan, by Joan Barthel. E.P. Dutton, 1978. (Peter Reilly, murder, 1976.)


Florida, 1961.  Gideon's Trumpet, by Anthony Lewis. Vintage, 1989.  (Clarence Earl Gideon, breaking and entering, larceny. Found not guilty at retrial in 1963 after U.S. Supreme Court reversal in Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963.)


Florida, 1963.  Invitation to a Lynching, by Gene Miller. Doubleday, 1975.  (Freddie Lee Pitts and Wilbert Lee, murder. Pardoned, 1975.)


Florida, 1968.  Arcadia, by Mark Lane.  Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1970.   (James J. Richardson, murder, 1989.)


Florida, 1971. David Charles; the Story of the Quincy Five, by Jeffrey Lickson.  Mockingbird Press, 1974. (David Keaton, 1973, Johnny Fredrick, 1973.)


Florida, 1976.  The Wrong Man: A True Story of Innocence on Death Row, by Michael Mello. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. (Joseph Spaziano, murder. 1998, plead “no contest.”)


Florida, 1980.  And Justice For All: The Improbable Story of Virginia Snyder, Investigative Reporter and Private Investigator, by Virginia Snyder.  iUniverse, 2008. (Luis Diaz, 2005.)


Georgia, 1913. The Leo Frank Case, by Leonard Dinnerstein. University of Georgia Press, 2008. (Leo Frank, murder, lynched in 1915, pardoned in 1986.) 


Georgia, 1975. Sins of Henry County: After Two Wrongful Convictions & the Death of Jerry Banks, a 35-year-old Cold Case is Reinvestigated, by Charles L. Sargent. CreateSpace, 2012. (Jerry Banks, 1980)


Georgia, 1982. Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, by John Berendt. Vintage Books, 1999.

(James Williams, murder, 1989.)


Georgia, 1983. Exit to Freedom, by Calvin C. Johnson Jr. and Greg Hampikian.  University of Georgia Press, 2005. (Calvin Johnson, sexual assault, 1999.)


Illinois, 1956. Scapegoat Justice, Lloyd Miller and the Failure of the American Legal System, by Willard J. Lassers.  Indiana University Press, 1973. (Lloyd Miller, murder, 1971.)


Illinois, 1978, (1985 for Jimerson).  A Promise of Justice: The Eighteen-Year Fight to Save Four Innocent Men, by  David Protess and Rob Warden.  Hyperion, 1998.  (Ford Heights Four:  Dennis Williams, 1996, Kenny Adams, 1996, Willie Rainge, 1996, and Verneal Jimerson, 1996.)


Illinois, 1979. Forgive Me, by Kathleen Crowell Webb.  Fleming H Revell Co, 1985.  (Gary Dotson, 1989.)


Illinois, 1985. Mistakes Were Made: Prosecutorial Misjudgment or Misconduct, by Lettie McSpadden.  Booksurge Publishing, 2009. AND Till Justice is Done, by Diana Eiranova-Kyle, CreateSpace 2013. AND Victims of Justice Revisited, by Thomas Frisbie and Randy Garrett.  Northwestern University Press, 2005. 

(Rolando Cruz, Alejandro Hernandez, murder, 1995)


Illinois, 1989.  Die Free: A True Story of Murder, Betrayal and Miscarried Justice, by Peter Rooney. Kindle, 2011. (Joe Burrows, murder, 1996)


Illinois, 1993.         In Spite of the System: A Personal Sort of Wrongful Conviction & Exoneration,  by Gary Gauger with Julie von Bergen.  Fourcatfarm Press, 2008. (Gary Gauger, murder, 1996.)


Indiana, 2002. One Deadly Night : A State Trooper, Triple Homicide, and a Search for Justice, by  John Glatt.  St. Martin's Press, 2005. (David Camm, murder, 2013.)


Louisiana, 1984. Desire Street: A True Story of Death and Deliverance in New Orleans, by Jed Horne. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005  (Curtis Kyles, murder,1998.)


Louisiana, 1984. Killing Time: An 18-Year Odyssey from Death Row to Freedom, by John Hollway and Ronald M. Gauthier.  Skyhorse Publishing, 2010.  (John Thompson, robbery, 1999.)


Maryland, 1962. Where did the justice go? The story of the Giles-Johnson case, by Frances Strauss. Gambit, 1970. AND An American rape: A true account of the Giles-Johnson case, by A. Robert Smith and James V. Giles. New Republic Book Company, 1975. (John Giles, James Giles, 1967. and Joseph Johnson, pardoned 1968.)


Maryland, 1985. Bloodsworth: The True Story of One Man's Triumph over Injustice, by  Tim Junkin. Algonquin Books, 2005. (Kirk Bloodsworth, 1993.)


Massachusetts, 1921.  Tragedy in Dedham: The story of the Sacco-Vanzetti case, by Francis Russell. McGraw Hill, 1971.  AND Sacco & Vanzetti: The Case Resolved, by Francis Russell, Harper Collins, 1986.  (Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, murder, both executed in 1927.  Mass. Governor’s Proclamation of Injustice, 1977.)


Michigan, 1944. Sprung: The Release of Willie Calloway, by Ken McCormick. St. Martin’s Press, 1964.  (Willie Calloway, murder, 1953.)


Michigan, 1976.  Sweet Freedom: Breaking the Bondage of Maurice Carter, by Doug Tjapkes.

Faithwalk Publishing, 2006. (Maurice Carter, 2004.)


Minnesota, 2008. A Road to Freedom: Strangers Restore Justice for an Innocent Man, by Trudy C Baltazar. Trulines Publishing, 2014. (Juoa Fong Lee, vehicular homicide, 2011.) 


Mississippi, 2004. The Skeptical Juror and the Trial of Cory Maye, by J Bennett Allen.  Allen & Allen Semiotics, 2010. (Corey Maye, murder, 2007.)


Missouri, 1979.  St. Joseph's Children: A True Story of Terror and Justice, by Terry Ganey.  Lyle Stewart, 1989.  (Melvin Reynolds, murder, 1983.)


Nebraska, 1956.   Barbarous Souls, by David L. Strauss and Steven A. Drizin.    Northwestern University Press, 2010.   (Darrel Parker, murder, 1991.)


New Jersey, 1948.  Jersey Justice: The Story of the Trenton Six, by Ms. Cathy D. Knepper.  Rivergate, 2011.  (Ralph Cooper (plead guilty and released 1954), Collis English (died in prison awaiting new trial 1952). Remaining four: McKinley Forrest, John McKenzie, James Thorpe and Horace Wilson, found not guilty in 1951.)


New Jersey, 1967. Eye of the Hurricane: My Path from Darkness to Freedom, by Rubin "Hurricane" Carter and Ken Klonsky. Chicago Review Press, 2011. AND Rubin "Hurricane" Carter and the American Justice System, by Paul B. Wice.  Rutgers University Press, 2000. AND Hurricane: The Miraculous Journey of Rubin Carter, by James S. Hirsch. Mariner Books, 1999.  (Rubin Carter, 1985.)


New Jersey, multi-year. Innocence Lost in New Jersey, by Sandra K. Manning and Scott Christianson. (re: 25 wrongly convicted New Jersey citizens )


New York, 1915. Slaughter on a Snowy Morn: A Tale of Murder, Corruption and the Death Penalty Case That Revolutionised the American Courtroom, by Colin Evans. Icon Books Ltd 2010.  (Charles Frederick Stielow, murder, 1918.)


New York, 1938.  Punishment Without Crime, by Isidore Zimmerman, and Francis Bond. Manor Books, 1972.  (Isidore Zimmerman, murder, 1962.)


New York, 1985.  Giller's Ethics Story: In the Pink Room, by Stephen Gillers.  Foundation Press, 2005.  (Alberto Ramos, rape, 1994)


New York, 1989.  Trials of a Forensic Psychologist – A Casebook, by Charles Patrick Ewing. John Wiley & Sons.  (Chapter 8, pp. 177-198, Richard Knupp, child sexual abuse, 1992.)


New York, 1990. The Central Park Five: The Untold Story Behind One of New York City's Most Infamous Crimes, by Sarah Burns. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2012.  (Antron McCray, Kevin Richardson, Raymond Santana, Yusef Salaam, Korey Wise, sexual assault, 2002.)


New York, 1990.  A Criminal Injustice: A True Crime, a False Confession, and the Fight to Free Marty Tankleff , by Richard Firstman and Jay Salpeter.  Ballantine Books, 2008. (Martin Tankleff, murder, 2007.)


North Carolina, 1985. Picking Cotton: Our Memoir of Justice and Redemption, by Ron Cotton and Jennifer Thompson-Cannino. St. Martin’s Press, 2009. (Ronald Cotton,  rape, 1995.)


North Carolina, 1985. Making Justice Our Business: The Wrongful Conviction of Darryl Hunt and the Work of Faith, by Stephen B. Boyd.  Wipf & Stock, 2011. (Darryl Hunt, 2004.)


North Carolina, 1994. Life After Death Row: The true story of Glen Edward Chapman, by Edward Chapman and Alex Cury.  CreateSpace, 2010. (Glen Edward Chapman, murder, 2008.)


Ohio, 1984. Guilty by Popular Demand: A True Story of Small Town Injustice, by Bill Osinki. Kent State University Press, 2012. (Dale Johnston, murder, 1990.)


Oklahoma, 1988. The Innocent Man: Murder and Injustice in a Small Town, by John Grisham.  Doubleday, 2006. (Ronald Williamson, murder, 1999.)


Oklahoma, 1988.  Journey Toward Justice, by Dennis Fritz. Seven Locks Press, 2006.  (Dennis Fritz, murder, 1999.)


Pennsylvania, 1982. 7 Days to Live, by Nick Yarris. Severn House, 2011. (Nicholas Yarris, murder, 2003.)


South Carolina, 1982. Anatomy of Injustice: A Murder Case Gone Wrong, by Raymond Bonner, 2012. (Edward Lee Elmore, 2012.)


Texas, 1977. Adams v. Texas, by Randall Adams and William Hoffer.  St. Martin’s Press, 1991. (Randall Adams, murder, 1989.)


Texas, 1977. Chasing Justice: My Story of Freeing Myself After Two Decades on Death Row for a Crime I Didn't Commit, by Kerry Max Cook. Harper Collins, 2007.  (Kerry Max Cook, 1997.)


Texas, 1981Exonerated: A Brief and Dangerous Freedom, by Joyce King. River Grove Books, 2014. (James Woodard, murder, 2008.)


Texas, 1981. White Lies: Rape, Murder, and Justice Texas Style, by  Nick Davies.  Pantheon, 1991. (Clarence Brandley, murder, 1991)


Texas, 1982. Overcome, Succeed and Prosper, by Lenell Geter. Marzinza Publishing Group, 2001. 

(Lenell Geter, robbery, 1984.) 


Texas, 1986. A Plea For Justice: The Timothy Cole Story, by Fred B. McKinley  Eakin Press, 2010. (Timothy Cole, sexual assault, 2009)


Texas, 1987. Getting Life: An Innocent Man's 25-Year Journey from Prison to Peace, by Michael Morton.   Simon and Schuster, 2014. (Michael Morton, murder, 2011.)


Texas, 1989, 1990.  Mortal Justice: A True Story of Murder and Vindication, by Jeanette Popp. New Horizon Press. (Christopher Ochoa, murder, 2002.  Richard Danzinger, sexual assault, 2002.)


Texas, 1999.  Tulia: Race, Cocaine, and Corruption in a Small Texas Town, by  Nate Blakeslee.  Public Affairs, 2006. (Many defendants convicted and exonerated.)


Virginia, 1982.  Why Me? When It Could've Been You!: The Life of Julius Earl Ruffin, by Magnolia Holiday. Magnolia Productions, 2007. (Julius Earl Ruffin, rape, 2003.)


Virginia, 1984. An Expendable Man: The Near-Execution of Earl Washington, Jr., by Margaret Edds. NYU Press, 2003 (Earl Washington, Jr., murder, 2000.)


Virginia, 2000. The Wrong Guys: Murder, False Confessions, and the Norfolk Four, by Tom Wells and Richard A. Leo.  New Press, 2008.  (Derek Tice, 2011. Joseph J. Dick Jr., Danial Williams and Eric Wilson.)


Washington, 1981. Predator: Rape, Madness, And Injustice In Seattle, by Jack Olsen.  Delacorte Press, 1991. (Steve Titus, 1981.)


Wisconsin, 1996.  It happened to Audrey, by Audrey Edmunds.  Titletown Publishing, 2012. (Audrey Edmunds, murder, 2008.)


Wisconsin, 2014. The Innocent Killer: A True Story of a Wrongful Conviction and its Astonishing Aftermath, by Michael Griesbach. American Bar Association. AND 2010 Unreasonable Inferences: The True Story of a Wrongful Conviction and Its Astonishing Aftermath, by Michael Griesbach. Point Beach Publishing. (Steven Avery, sexual assault, 2003.)


Multi-state, 1976-1993.  The Exonerated: A Play, by Jessica Blank and Erik Jensen. Faber and Faber, 2003. AND Living Justice: Love, Freedom, and the Making of The Exonerated, by  Jessica Blank and Erik Jensen. Atria Books, 2006. (Kerry Max Cook, TX, 1977, 1997; Gary Gauger, IL, 1993, 1996; Robert Earl Hayes, FL, 1991, 1997; Sonia "Sunny" Jacobs, FL, 1976, 1992; David Keaton, FL, 1971, 1973; Delbert Tibbs, FL, 1974, 1977.


. Where linked, exonerees are listed in the National Registry of Exonerations at  The Registry’s list begins in 1989.


Appendix C 


Books about Specific U.S. Wrongful Conviction Cases - Not Yet Exonerated (in chronological order by state and date of conviction)



California, 1948.  Cell 2455: Death Row: A Condemned Man's Own Story, by Caryl Chessman.  Da Capo Press (reprint) 2006. (Caryl Chessman, rape, executed 1960.)


California, 1982. Mean Justice, by Edward Humes.  Pocket, 2003. (over 100 cases of claimed innocence, including Patrick Dunn, in Bakersfield, California area.)


California, 2002. Rush to Judgement: a critical examination of the David Westerfield, Danielle van Dam child kidnapping and murder case, by C. Stevenson.  CreateSpace, 2011.  (David Westerfield, kidnapping and murder)


Connecticut, 1989.  Justice Denied - The Trial of Erik Rasmussen, by Eric Rasmussen.  iUniverse, 2004. (Erik Rasmussen, murder.)


Connecticut, 1989. Convicting the Innocent: The Story of a Murder, a False Confession and the Struggle to Free a “wrong man.”  by Donald Connery, 1996 (Richard LaPointe, murder.)


Connecticut 2005. No Evidence, No Jury, No Justice: The True Story of Jeremy Barney, Prisoner #318764, by Christian Peet. GenPop books, 2014.  (Jeremy Barney, sexual assault.)


Federal,  Alaska, 2006. KU KLUX KOURTS--America's Hidden Injustice, by Roderick Williams.  self-published. 2013.  (Roderick O. Williams, drug distribution.)


Federal, Illinois, 2007.  Tilted: The Trials of Conrad Black, Second Edition, by Steven Skurka. Dundurn, 2011.  (Conrad Black, embezzlement, fraud.)


Federal, Massachusetts, 1993. Perfectly Innocent – The Wrongful Conviction of Alfred Trenkler, by Morrison Bonpasse. CreateSpace, 2007. (Alfred Trenkler, Attempted Malicious Destruction by Explosives, Aiding and Abetting.)


Federal, North Carolina, 1979.  A Wilderness of Error: The Trials of Jeffrey MacDonald, by Errol Morris. Penguin Press HC, 2012. AND Fatal Vision, by Joe McGinniss. Signet, 1983.  (Jeffrey MacDonald, murder.)


Federal, South Dakota, 1977.  The Trial of Leonard Peltier, by Jim Messerschmidt.  South End Press, 1999. AND In the Spirit of Crazy Horse, by Peter Matthiessen.  Penquin Books, 1992.  (Leonard Peltier, murder.)


Federal, U.S. Air Force, 2012. The Whole Truth: The Tainted Prosecution of an American Fighter Pilot, by Bob Harvey.  Viper Pilot Press, 2013.  (Lt. Col. James Wilkerson, sexual assault.)


Florida, 1987. Injustice System: A Murder in Miami and a Trial Gone Wrong, by Clive Stafford Smith, (Krishna Maharaj, murder)


Florida, 1976.         Fatal Flaw: A True Story of Malice and Murder in a Small Southern Town, by Phillip Finch, Villard Books, New York, 1992.  Zeigler, Through Vidster’s Eyes; A Wrongful Conviction In A 1975 Quadruple Capital Murder, by Nic H. Vicocq.  Smashwords, 2012.  (William Zeigler, murder)


Florida, 1985.         Unanswered Cries: A True Story of Friends, Neighbors, and Murder in a Small Town, by Thomas French, St. Martins Press, New York City, New York, 1992.  (George Lewis, murder)


Georgia, 1991.  I am Troy Davis, by Jen Marlowe, Martina Davis-Correia and Troy Anthony Davis.  Haymarket Books, 2013. (Troy Davis, murder.)


Illinois, 1946. William Heirens: His Day in Court/Did an Innocent Man Confess to Three Grisly Murders? by Dolores Kennedy. Bonus Books, 1991. (William Heirens, murder, died in prison 2012.) AND Before I Kill More, by Lucy Freeman.  Pocket, 1977. (with contrary view, that Heirens was guilty.)


Illinois, 1997. Shadow in the Rain, by Harriett Ford. Helm Publishing, 2007. (fictionalized story of Ted Kuhl, murder.)


Louisiana, 1977. Louisiana v. Vincent Simmons: Frame-up in Avoyelles Parish, by Katja Pumm. 

CreateSpace, 2011. (Vincent Simmons, rape.)


Maine, 1989.          Human Sacrifice, by James Moore.  Blackberry Press, 2002. (Dennis Dechaine, murder)


Massachusetts, 1963. A Death in Belmont (P.S.), by Sebastian Junger.  Harper Perennial, 2007.  (Roy Smith, murder.)


Massachusetts, 2006. Reasonable Doubt: The Fashion Writer, Cape Cod, and the Trial of Chris McCowen, by Peter Manso.  Atria Books, 2011. AND Invisible Eden: A Story of Love and Murder on Cape Cod, by Maria Flook.  Broadway Books, 2004.  (Christopher McCowen, murder.) 


Michigan, 2012. A Mother's Plea and Journey to Forgiveness, by Laura Schupbach Ouellette. Xulon Press, 2013.  (Corrine Baker, murder.)


Minnesota, 2008.  Conversations With Crystal - The Woman Who Fell Off the Bridge, by Crystal Manning and B. P. Storm.  CreateSpace, 2012.  (Michael Stoner, Jr., child abuse. )


Missouri, 1994. Damned to Eternity: The Story of the Man Who They Said Caused the Flood, by Adam Pitluk. Da Capo Press, 2007.  (James Scott, causing a flood.) 


Missouri, 2002. The Skeptical Juror and the Trial of Byron Case, by J Bennett Allen. Allen & Allen Semiotics, 2010.  (Byron Case, murder.)


Nevada, 2002. Kirstin Blaise Lobato's Unreasonable Conviction: Possibility of Guilt Replaces Proof Beyond A Reasonable Doubt, by Hans Sherrer.  CreateSpace, 2006, 2008, 2010. AND Kirstin Blaise Lobato vs State of Nevada: Habeas Corpus Petition with Grounds and Exhibits, by Hans Sherrer and Michelle Ravell.  CreateSpace, 2010. (Kirstin Lobato, murder)


New Hampshire, 2001. EYE CONTACT – The Mysterious Death in 2000 of Kassidy Bortner, and the Wrongful Convictions of Chad Evans and Amanda Bortner, by Morrison Bonpasse, CreateSpace, 2011.  (Chad Evans, murder)


New Jersey, 1935. The Airman and the Carpenter: the Lindbergh Kidnapping and the Framing of Richard Hauptmann, by Ludovic Kennedy. Viking Press, 1985. (Richard Hauptmann, murder, executed 1936.) (one of many books about this case.)


New Mexico, 1931.  Justice Betrayed: A Double Killing in Old Santa Fe, by Ralph Melnick. 

University of New Mexico Press, 2002.  (Thomas Johnson, murder, executed 1933.)


New York, 1912.  Against the evidence;: The Becker-Rosenthal affair, by Andy Logan. McCall Publishing Company, 1971. (Charles Becker, murder. Executed 1915.)


New York, 1988. Destruction of Innocence: The Friedman Case & How Coerced Testimony and Confessions Harm Children, Families and Communities for Decades After the Wrongful Convictions Occur, by Gavin de Becker and Emily Horowitz.  Amazon Digital Services, 2013. (Kindle Edition) (Arnold and Jesse Friedman, abuse of children.)


Ohio, 1909.  Who Killed Ora Lee?: The Trial of Daniel Guy Rasor, by Linda Thomson Buesch  Booksurge, 2007.  AND Reasonable

Minds: A Conclusion (Who Killed Ora Lee?), by Linda Thompson Buesch.  CreateSpace, 2013. (Daniel Guy Rasor, murder.)


Ohio, 1954. The Wrong Man: The Final Verdict on the Dr. Sam Sheppard Murder Case, by 

James Neff.  Random House, 2001. From "The Fugitive" to Freedom - The Real Sam Sheppard Story, by David Pietras.  CreateSpace, 2014.  (Sam Sheppard, murder.)


Ohio, 1996. System Failure: A Critique of the Judicial System of the United States, by James F. Love IV and Hans Sherrer (Editor).  CreateSpace 2009.  (James F. Love, rape.) 


Oklahoma, 1985. The Dreams of Ada, by Robert Mayer.  Broadway Books, 2006. (Tommy Ward and Karl Fontenot, murder.)


Oregon, 1995.  Improper Submission: Records of a Wrongful Conviction, by Erma Armstrong.  Tanglewood Hill Press, 2005. (Karlyn Eklof, murder.)


Pennsylvania, 1960. Murdered Innocence: The Maryann Mitchell Murder Revisited, by Donna Persico., 2013. (Elmo Smith, murder, executed 1962.)


Pennsylvania, 1982. The Case of Mumia Abu-Jamal: A Life in the Balance, by Amnesty International. Seven Stories Press, 2001. (Mumia Abu-Jamal, murder.) 


Texas, 1982.  LAST WORDS FROM DEATH ROW --- The Wall Unit, by Norma Herrera, Nightengale Press, 2007. (Leonel Herrera, plaintiff in U.S. Supreme Court case, Herrera v. Collins (1993), executed 1993.)


Texas, 1987, Twisted Truth, by Wendy Schmid-Eastwood.  Athena Press, 2004. (Richard Wayne Jones, murder, executed in 2000.)


Texas, 1992.  The Skeptical Juror and the Trial of Cameron Todd Willingham by J Bennett Allen.  Allen & Allen Semiotics, 2010. AND  Inferno: An Inquiry Into the Willingham Fire, by J. Bennett Allen.  Allen & Allen Semiotics, Inc, 2011. (Cameron Todd Willingham, arson/murder, executed 2004.)


Texas, 1993. A Saint on Death Row: How a Forgotten Child Became a Man and Changed a World, by Thomas Cahill Anchor, 2010.

(Dominique Jerome Green, murder, executed 2004.)


Texas, 1996.  Just Point At Him, by Snjezana Marinkovic and Gregory L Torti (Contributor). 

CreateSpace, 2013.  (Gregory Lee Torti, sexual assault.)


Texas, 1997.  A Texas Style Witch Hunt "Justice Denied" The Darlie Lynn Routier Story, by David Pietras. CreateSpace Publishing, 2013. AND Innocent on Death Row, by David Pietras. CreateSpace Publishing, 2014. (Darlie Routier, murder.)


Texas, 1998.  Texas, He Was Innocent, by Bente Hjortshoej and Connie Wright.  Lulu. 2011. AND Texas, I Was Innocent, by Tony Wright and Peter Bellamy. Lulu, 2011.  (Gregory Edward "Tony" Wright, murder, executed 2008)


Texas, 2004. 999489: From Foster Care To Texas Death Row, by Gerald E. Marshall and the European Association for Human Rights (Editor). CreateSpace, 2013.  (Gerald Marshall, murder.)


Virginia, 1977. Case of a Lifetime: A Criminal Defense Lawyer's Story, by Abbe Smith. Palgrave MacMillan Trade, 2008.  (Patsy Kelly Jarrett, murder, paroled in 2005.)


Virginia, 1982. May God Have Mercy: A True Story of Crime and Punishment, by John C. Tucker. 

Delta, 1998. (Roger Keith Coleman, murder, executed 1991.  DNA tests in 2006 showed guilt.)


Virginia, 1983. Dead Run: The Shocking Story of Dennis Stockton and Life on Death Row in America, by Joe Jackson and William F. Burke, Jr. Walker & Co., 2000.  (Dennis Stockton, murder. Executed 1995.) 


Virginia, 1985. The Corruption of Innocence: A Journey for Justice, by Lori St John. Creative Production Services, 2013.   (Joseph O’Dell, murder, executed 1997)


Washington, 1994.  STATE RAISED: A Deep Look into the World of Prison, by Matthew Wright. iUniverse, 2008.  (Matthew Wright, murder.)


West Virginia, 1983. The Chaparral Murders: Dollar Store Justice,  by Margaret Stoddart.  iUniverse,

2007.  (Russell Clark Phillips, murder.)


West Virginia, 2006.  My Journey to Hell and Back, by Jason Lively.  Kindle, 2014.  AND Reflections by Jason Lively: My Journey to Hell and Back.  BMF Publishing, 2014. (Jason Lively, murder.)


Wisconsin,  1995.  The Monfils Conspiracy: The Conviction of Six Innocent Men, by Denis Gullickson, John Gaie. iUniverse, 2009. (Dale Basten, Michael Hirn, Michael Johnson, Keith Kutska, Rey Moore, and Michael Piaskowski, only one of the six to be exonerated, in 2001.)


Wisconsin, 1995.    Who Killed Sarah? Shedding new light on a questionable conviction, by Doug and Sheila Berry, 2005. (Penny Brummer, murder.)


Wisconsin, 1999.    Full Circle: How a Veteran Cop was Sentenced to Life in Prison for Crimes That Never Happened, by Sheila Berry and Doug Berry, 2011. (John Maloney, murder)


Multi-state, 1692.  Law & Disorder:: Inside the Dark Heart of Murder, by John Douglas and Mark Olshaker. Pinnacle, Reissue Edition, 2014. (reviewing sympathetically the claims of many wrongly convicted people since the Salem witch trials.)


Multi-state.  Catholic Priests Falsely Accused: The Facts, The Fraud, The Stories, by David F. Pierre Jr. CreateSpace, 2011.


Multi-state. Wrongfully Accused: 15 People Sentenced to Prison for a Crime They Didn't Commit, by William Webb.  CreateSpace 2013.


Multi-state. Wrongfully Accused #2: 15 More People Sentenced to Prison for a Crime They Didn't Commit, by William Webb. CreateSpace, 2013.



Appendix D 


Books about U.S. Wrongful Conviction Cases – fiction (in alphabetical order by author)


Baldwin, Timothy, C.  Justice Delayed. CreateSpace, 2013.


Bonpasse, Morrison. 2121. CreateSpace, 2014.


Bonpasse, Morrison. Jesus and Jesusa. Two combined into one volume: 2121 and Jesus and Jesusa, CreateSpace, 2014.


Burcell, Robin. Face of a Killer.  Harper, 2008. 


Burke, Alafair.  All Day and a Night: A Novel of Suspense (Ellie Hatcher). Harper, 2014


Clark, Jack.  Dancing on Graves.  CreateSpace, 2012.


Dale, Lisa.  A Promise of Safekeeping. Berkley, 20121.


Fister, Barbara. Through the Cracks. Minotaur Books, 2010.


Fleming, David Alex.  Dying Innocence. Riverside Publishing Group, 2011. 


Fowler, Dane. The Sex Offender: Falsley Accussed, Wrongly Convicted, Labeled for Life.  RocksWorld, 2013.


Grisham, John. The Confession. Dell, 2011.


Harvey, Michael.  The Innocence Game. Knopf Publishing Group, 2013.


Hylton, Bill. The Vindication Obsession.  CreateSpace, 2013.


Long, Al.  The Tamperers.  iUniverse, 2001. 


Patterson, Richard North. Conviction, A Novel.  Ballantine Books, 2005.


Sanchez, Dennis. The Big Exoneration. CreateSpace, 2013.


Stevens, Chevy.  That Night.  St. Martin’s Press, 2014.


Watts, Larry, and Wright, Cyndi and Bingham, Linda. Cheating Justice. Larry Watts Publisher, 2013.


West, Mary Ann.  And Justice For None - The Life and Death of an Innocent Man.  Lulu, 2010.